Beulah Bondi

Today, I'm writing about the life and career of character actor Beulah Bondi.

This article is part of the What a Character Blogathon hosted by Outspoken & Freckled, Once Upon a Screen, and Paula's Cinema Club.

Old Hollywood character actor Beulah Bondi appeared in around 50 movies during her four-decade career, usually playing wives, mothers, and aunts. She brought to these sometimes underwritten roles a quiet dignity and moral authority that made her one of old Hollywood's quintessential matriarchs. Today, I'm going to recommend four films and one TV show starring Bondi, but first here's a little background.

Bondi was born Beulah Bondy on May 3, 1888, in Chicago to real estate agent Abraham Bondy and his wife, Eva (She later changed the spelling of her last name because of her father's disapproval of the acting profession; incidentally, Bondi's unusual first name comes from the Hebrew word for wife). Bondi grew up in Valparaiso, Ind., where she was bitten by the acting bug at age 7 when she played the title character in a local stage production of Little Lord Fauntleroy. 

Bondi's family always wanted her to have a more traditional life, but Beulah was determined to pursue her dreams of a theatrical career. After graduating from the prestigious Frances Shimer Academy (now known as Shimer College) in Mount Carroll, Ill., Bondi received a master's degree in oratory at Valparaiso University in 1918. She eventually headed for the bright lights of New York City where, at the age of 37, she made her Broadway debut playing an elderly lady in One of the Family. This role set a template for Bondi's career; she often played characters who were several decades older than her real age. Bondi took on these roles with her usual professionalism, telling The New York Times, "I had this face that somehow seemed older."

Beulah Bondi and James Stewart in It's a Wonderful Life (1946).
Bondi's real breakthrough came in the Pulitzer Prize-winning play Street Scene by Elmer Rice, where she has a small but memorable role as one of the residents of a New York City tenement. Bondi recreated her performance in the 1931 movie version, and from then-on she became one of the most sought-after character actors in thirties Hollywood. Bondi earned two Academy Award nominations for best supporting actress in the historical drama The Gorgeous Hussy (she plays President Andrew Jackson's long-suffering wife, Rachel) and the Civil War weepie Of Human Hearts (this was the first of four films in which she played James Stewart's mother).

Bondi continued to work steadily in films throughout the 1940s and 1950s with memorable appearances in Our Town (1940), Penny Serenade (1941), It's a Wonderful Life (1946), The Snake Pit (1948), and The Furies (1950). In her later years, Bondi worked extensively on TV. She received an Emmy Award for her final role as mountain matriarch Martha Corrine Walton in "The Pony Cart" episode of The Waltons.

Bondi died on Jan. 11, 1981, at age 92 after several broken ribs caused her to have respiratory problems. Her ashes were scattered at sea.

Here's a list of five memorable Bondi performances.

Ma Cooper in Make Way for Tomorrow (1937), dir. Leo McCarey

Victor Moore and Beulah Bondi in Make Way for Tomorrow (1937).
The only leading role of Bondi's career came in this poignant film about a devoted elderly couple who are separated by their unsympathetic children during the Great Depression. Today, this movie is primarily known as the inspiration for Japanese director Yasujiro Ozu's masterpiece Tokyo Story (1953), but it is a fine film on its own with beautifully restrained performances from veterans Bondi and Moore. The Grapes of Wrath (1940) notwithstanding, Make Way for Tomorrow may be the starkest depiction of Depression-era America ever put on film. 7:45 a.m. Jan. 20 on TCM. Blu-ray; DVD.

Mrs. Morgan in Vivacious Lady (1938), dir. George Stevens

Bondi got a rare chance to show off her comedy chops in this delightful screwball. Bondi once again plays Stewart's devoted mother: This time he's an awkward botany professor who falls hard for nightclub performer Ginger Rogers much to the chagrin of Stewart's stuffy dad (Charles Coburn). Bondi gently spoofs her own screen image as another long-suffering wife (she pretends to have a heart condition to get away from her demanding husand), and she even does an impressive soft-shoe in one scene with Rogers and James Ellison (photo above). DVD.

Mrs. Sargent in Remember the Night (1940), dir. Mitchell Leisen

Beulah Bondi, Fred MacMurray, and Elizabeth Patterson in Remember the Night (1940).
I'm assuming everyone has seen It's a Wonderful Life, so I'm going to recommend this Yuletide romance that stars Fred MacMurray as a New York district attorney who brings a shoplifter (Barbara Stanwyck) to his mother's Indiana farm for the holidays. MacMurray and Stanwyck have great chemistry together, but some of the film's best moments involve Bondi's interplay with Stanwyck. Also, the Christmas Eve scene, which showcases the entire ensemble cast, is heartbreakingly beautiful. 10 p.m. Dec. 22 on TCM. DVD.

Ma Bridges in Track of the Cat (1954), dir. William Wellman

Bondi's favorite among her own screen roles was her performance as the hard-bitten matriarch of a pioneer clan in director William Wellman's unusual Western. Bondi abandons her usual sympathetic demeanor for a fearless performance as a bitter bigot who will do almost anything, including sacrifice the lives of her own family, to get her own way. Track of the Cat was regarded as an oddity in the mid-1950s, but in today's art-house dominated Oscar race, she would have surely received major awards consideration. DVD; video on demand.

Martha Corrine Walton in "The Pony Cart" episode of The Waltons

Eric Scott (back to camera); Judy Norton; Ralph Waite; Mary Elizabeth McDonough; Ellen Corby; Beulah Bondi, and Richard Thomas in "The Pony Cart" episode of The Waltons.
Bondi appeared as mountain matriarch Martha Corrine  in three episodes of the beloved TV series about a rural Virginia family living through the Great Depression and World War II. Bondi's last screen appearance was in the 1976 episode "The Pony Cart" in which an ailing Martha Corrine returns to Walton's Mountain to say her goodbyes to her extended family. Bondi was well into her 80s when she played the role, but she had lost none of her considerable screen presence. In fact, her dynamic performance makes "The Pony Cart" the best episode of the long-running series, and Bondi won a much-deserved Emmy Award for her work. Available on the season five DVD of The Waltons.

I'll leave you with TCM's What a Character tribute to Bondi.


  1. I almost chose Beulah this year myself, but given your wonderful dedication I'm glad I didn't. She's a personal favorite and this was a lovely tribute. Thank you so much for submitting it to the blogathon.


    1. It was an honor to write about her. Thanks for hosting this blogathon every year.

  2. Beulah Bondi is utterly remarkable. She did have a face that could pass for an older woman, but it was her talent that made us believe she was as old as the characters she played. She was a very beautiful woman, too. She left us with some wonderful performances.

    This is a great tribute to her. :)

  3. Time has done well by Beulah Bondi's extensive career, filled with performances that never loose their shine of brilliance. You did justice to the wonderful actress.

    1. Because she was in It's a Wonderful Life, people remember her. I hope they take time to watch some of her other films, especially Remember the Night this time of year.

  4. I was a huge fan of The Waltons as a youngster, and Ms. Bondi’s performances are still with me. This was long before I knew anything about her career in classic-era Hollywood—she was always so memorable in her portrayals. Thanks for highlighting the specific films—I am diving into William Wellman’s career so I will definitely add Track of the Hat to my watchlist.

    1. Track of the Cat is really an art house movie that was marketed as a mainstream Western. One of Wild Bill's most unusual and rewarding films.

  5. Hi, I enjoyed your tribute to Ms Bondi; I recently watched for the first time Of Human Hearts and really enjoyed it and her performance.

    1. She and Jimmy were just so natural as mother and son.

  6. Hello I'm trying to find out of beulah had any living family members when she died? What happened to her personal belongings and any thing else she owned??


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